Palwal district is the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. Palwal city is the headquarters of this district. The city is situated at a distance of 60 km from Delhi on the Delhi-Mathura highway (NH-2). The latitude of the town is 28° 40' N and longitude is 76° 59' E. The area of town is 22.10 km. In Judiciary wise, it was a Sub- division of Faridabad Sessions Division which was declared as a separate Sessions Division on 01/07/2013 by the order of Hon’ble High Court of Punjab and Haryana, Chandigarh. Palwal is famous for cotton and there are number of cotton industries or factories which deliver cotton to number of places in India.
The city Palwal got its name from a demon, "Palwasur" who ruled this place during the reign of Pandavas. He was killed by Balarama, elder brother of Shri Krishna. In his memory, every year a festival is organised in palwal which is known as "Baldev Chhat Ka Mela". It is the only city where the Gandhi was first arrested. Palwal is the small district and in ancient time it is the place of vikramaditya and the region of pandava. In the Mahabharata the place of Palwal is mention. Panchvati temple is famous in the Palwal town. At the British period Palwal is the section of Punjab and the section of guraon region.