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History

Page Type
District Headquarters Nainital
Area 3422 sq km
Altitude 1938 meter
Longitude and Latitude 29 degree 24' N : 79 degree 28' E
Total Population 762909 (as per 2001 census)

 

"Nainital" a glittering jewel in the Himalyan necklace, blessed with scenic natural spledour and varied natural resources. It was discovered by P. Barrow, a sugar merchant from Saharanpur in 1841. The famous Naini lake at Nainital is surrounded by seven hills called the Sapta-Shring. Nearby Bhimtal, Sattal and Naukuchiatal have recently developed as tourist centres. The Flats, (vast level ground) is used for sports and other cultural activities. In due course, Nainital became the summer capital of then United Province and dotted with lakes Nainital has earned the epithet of ‘Lake District of India’. Legend of Shiva and Sati associates this place as where Sati eyes (Naina) fell and hence named after the Goddess ‘Nainital’. Its snow capped peaks, verdant valleys, rolling meadows, abundance of flora and fauna, crystal lakes have beckoned lovers of nature since aged. Sharadotsav and Nanda Devi Mela are the famous event. Naina Devi Temple, situated at the Northern end of the Naini lake, gets its name from one of the eyes of Lord Shiva’s wife, Sati. The gaily coloured yatch sailing on the water of the lake is a sight to behold. The British introduced the concept of Governor’s house or Raj Bhavan, when they built a residence for the Governor of North West Province at Nainital. Currently, it is used as the official residence/accommodation of the Governor of Uttarakhand and also the Raj Bhavan serves as a guesthouse to dignitaries. The old Secretariate building of British period is also situated here in which at present the High Court of Uttarakhand is established. Nainital is also a sitting place of Kumaon Commissioner. Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES) is an ideal for astronomical studies and optical tracking of artificial satellites. Ghorakhal is famous for the temple of Golu Devta, the diety of justice. It is situated 14 km. from Nainital. Snow View and Kilbury are the Scenic picnic spots which afford fine view of the snow-clad Himalayas. The Magnificent Corbett National Park, (situated near Ramnagar) named after Jim Corbett, the famous hunter, author and conservator, covers a large forested area of over 520 sq.kms. The dense jungles of the park are famous for the tigers of Kumaon, panther, sloth bear, elephant, deer and crocodile.

PLACES OF INTEREST

Hanuman Garhi, Naina Devi Temple, Ghorakhal, Snow View, Naina Peak, Kilbury, Khurpatal, Naukuchia Tal, Bhimtal, Sat Tal, Garjiya Devi Temple, Corbett National Park.

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