History

Page Type

History

District Headquarters Haridwar

Area 2360 sq km

Altitude 249.7 meter

Longitude and Latitude 29° 58' N: 78º 13' E

Total Population 1447190 (as per 2001 census)

A paradise for nature-lovers, Haridwar presents kaleidoscope of Indian culture and civilization. Haridwar termed as 'Gateway to Gods', is also known as Mayapuri, Kapila, Gangadwar as well. It is also a point of entry to Dev Bhoomi and Char Dham (Four main centers of pilgrimage in Uttarakhand) viz. Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The district came into existence on 28th Dec. 1988. Prior to its inclusion in the newly created state of Uttarakhand, this district was a part of Saharanpur Divisional Commissionary. Haridwar is famous for the Kumbh and Ardh Kumbh fairs that are held once in every 12 and 6 years respectively. Millions of devotees assemble here during this auspicious occasion and take a dip in Ganga, the holiest river of India. It is said that drops of amrit (nectar) obtained after the 'Sagar Manthan' fell at four places Haridwar, Allahabad, Ujjain and Nashik and the Kumbh fair is held at these four sacred sites. Har ki Pauri is the most sacret Ghat, built by King Vikramaditya. It is also known as Brahamakund and is the site for the famous Kumbh Mela. Everyday the devotees from all over the world used to take a dip in the holy Ganga at Har-ki-Pauri before entering the Dev Bhoomi of Uttarakhand and hence the name Haridwar “The Gateway to the Gods”. Gurukul Kangri University the old center of herbal medicines and traditional studies, is located on Haridwar Jwalapur bypass road. Besides many other famous Ashrams at Haridwar, the Patanjali Yog Peeth formed by Baba Ramdev, is now world known for his excellence. Rajaji National Park endowed with pristine beauty and rich bio-diversity, covers an area of 820 sq.kms. It has over 23 species of mammals and 315 avifauna species.

PLACES OF INTEREST Sapt Rishi Ashram and Sapt Sarovar, Maya Devi Temple, Mansa Devi Temple, Daksha Mahadev Temple, Chandi Devi Temple, Canal Centenary Bridge.

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