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HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF CREATION OF KHUNTI JUDGESHIP ON

                                                       10th May, 2014

               Earlier Lohardaga was the Commissionary Headquater for Chotanagpur, It was only later (Sometimes in 1842) that the Commissionary of Chotanagpur was shifted to Ranchi. The Commissionary Office Still exists and it houses Lohardaga Municipality office.

               In 1834, the Agent under British Rule was initially vested with Criminal Judicial and Revenue powers but to improve the administration of Justice, the Agent was relieved  of his duties as Civil and Sessions Judge and in the year 1843 and Officer was appointed with designation of Deputy Commissioner to carry out those functions. The Deputy Commissioner later corresponded to  the Judicial Commissioner and he received that Title in the year 1861. In the same year Distict Civil Court, Ranchi was established and Mr. W.H.Oaks was appointed as the first Judicial Administrative head of the Judgeship. Three posts of Additional Judicial Commissioners and one permanent and one temporary post of Sub-Judges were aslo there.

             Ranchi District was a big district, both area and population wise. Later several Sub-Divisions were carved out of it such as Simdega, Gumla, Lohardaga and Khunt, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Officer.

                As far as Khunti Sub-Division is concerned, it was established in the year 1905 with its Headquarter at Khunti and as per the Government records, Mr. Arthur Loveday Inglis was the first Sub-Divisional Officer, who remained posted in that capacity for about 3-4 years. The Sub-Divisional Officer had the powers of the First Class Magistrate also and he was also vested with the powers of Munsif. He could have tried Suits up to the value of Rs. 2,000=00(Two thousand). Two Honorary Magistrates at Khunti were also there for trying minor cases, one of whom had the powers of Magistrate of Second Class.

               Sub-Judges posted at Sadar had unlimited pecuniary jurisdiction on the original civil side regarding cases of entire district. They were also vested with power of Small Cause Court Judges to try suits up to the value of Rs. 750=00, They were also empwered to hear civil appeals against the dicisions of the Munsif.

                Seperation of Judicial and Executive functions in the district of Ranchi took effect from 1st July, 1964. The judicial functions were exclusively entrusted to the judiciary. The Munsif and Judicial Magistrate were appointed to try cases and they were under the administrative control of Judicial Commissioner. Hon'ble Patna High  Court used to provide Additional Courts at Khunti whenever the requirement was felt. An exclusive court of Munsif was created at Khunti Sub-Division in the year 1974 and vide Notification dated 13th March, 1974 issued by the Hon'ble Patna High Court, Sri Chakradhar Rai working as a Munsif Magistrate, Khunti was exclusively appointed as Munsif to try original Suits of pecuniary and territorial jurisdiction and he was also vested with the power of a Judge of the Court of Small Causes. The Court of Munsif at Khunti started its functioning from 21st March, 1974 and for all those criminal cases, which were pending in the Court of Sri Chandradhar Rai, Sri H.K.Bhattacharya, Judicial Magistrate, Khunti was made In-charge, However, vide a Notification dated 24.07.1974 sri Chakradhar Rai was again given criminal powers as well and was made Munsif-cum-Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate, Khunti. On 25.05.1987 a separate Court of Subordinate Judge was inaugurated at Khunti by Hon'ble Mr. Justice M.P.Singh and Hon'ble Mr. Justice  Sateshwar Rai of Patna High Court and Sri S.K. Prasad was appointed as first Sub-Judge at Khunti thereafter, the process of evolution and expansiono of Sub-Divisional Courts at Khunti went on from time to time as perthe need and requriements and then on 14.08.1993 the Court of additional Judicial Commissioner at Khunti was inaugurated by the then Hon'ble the Chief Justice of Patna High Court Sri B.C.Basak, Smt. Shakuntala Sinha joined as the first Additional Judicial Commissioner at Khunti.

                One old Court building which can well be said to be a Heritage building and where Sub-Divisional officer used to sit and hold office and Court, still exists within the campus of the Civil court khunti and subsequently two new Court buildings were constucted, one is Eight Courts building and another is Fourt Courts building. Both were inaugurated in the year 2002.

               Though, khunti Sub-Division became a district in the month of 12th September, 2007 itself but due to one reason or the other the Judgeship could not be created at khunti and it remained as Sub-Divisional Court of Ranchi Judgeship but due to several steps initiatives being taken and keen interest being shown by our Hon'ble the Chief Justice Mrs. R.Banumathi, Chief Justice, High Court of Jharkhand (Now Hon'ble Judge of the Supreme Court of India) the auspicioius day of inauguration of this Judgeship i.e. 10.05.2014 has come. The inauguration was done by Hon'ble Mr. Justice M.Y.Eqbal, Judge Supreme Court of India, New Delhi in presence of Hon'ble Mrs. Justice R. Banumathi, Chief Justice, High Court of Jharkhand, Ranchi(Now Hon'ble Judge of the Supreme Court of India), Hon'ble Mr. Justice D.N.Patel, Zonal Judge, Ranchi, Hon'ble Mr. Justice N.N.Tiwari,  Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.R.Prasad, Hon'ble Mr. Justice N.N.Tiwari, Hon'ble Mr. Justice R.R>Prasad, Hon'ble Mr. Justice P.P.Bhatt, Hon'ble Mr. Justice Aparesh Kumar, Hon'ble Mr. Justice H.C.MIshra, Hon'ble Mr. Justice D.N.Upadhyay, Hon'ble Mr. Justice S. Chandrashekhar, Hon'ble Mr. Justice Amitav Kumar Gupta, all Hon'ble Judges of High Court of Jharkhand, Mr. S.H. Kazmi, principal Judicial Commissioner, Ranchi, Mr. B.B. Mangalmurti, Law Secretary, Mr. Anil Kumar Choudhary, Registrar General, Mr. Samon Soy (IAS), DC Khunti, Mr. Anish Gupta (IPS) S.P. Khuti, all Judicial Officers of Civil Court, Khunti, President of Advocate/Bar/Lawyer Association Jharkhand High Court, President of Bar Association Khunti and Resident of Khunti Distict. Mr. Sheo Narayan Singh after the inauguratin took the charge as first Principal Distict & Sessions Judge, Khunti, Mr. M.K.Srivastava as Chief Judicial Magistrate, Khunti and Mr. Rajendra Kumar Sinha as Registrar, Khunti. 

 

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