Fatehabad District Profile
Fatehabad, previously the headquarters of the tahsil and now the headquarters of District w.e.f. 15-07-1997, lies in 290 3’ north latitude and 750 30’ east longitude, at a distance of about 48 kilmetres north-west of Hisar on Delhi-Hisar-Sulemanki road. Its population was 22,630 in 1971 against the population of 12,461 in 1961.
The town was founded by the emperor Firuz Shah Tughlaq and named after his son Fateh Khan in A.D. 1352. The site on which the town was founded was a hunting ground. He dug a channel from the Ghaggar in order to supply the town with water. He also built a fort which is now in ruins, the fortification walls can be seen on the east of the town. He also built three forts in the neighbouring villages in the name of his three sons. The old town was surrounded by a wall which has been dismantled to great extent except near the fort.
Formerly, Fatehabad was an important trade centre for the export of surplus grain but with the construction of Rewari-Bhatinda railway line which runs about 20 kilometres to the west of the town, the trade shifted to Bhattu. But the town assumed greater importance after the Independence when metalled roads provided important link and the earlier importance of the town was revived.
An important monument is a Lat or a stone pillar measuring slightly less than 5 meters in height and 1.90 meters in circumference at the base. It was erected in the centre of an Idgah. The lower portion of the pillar is a mono-block of light buff sandstone and is possibly the remaining part of the pillar that lies in the mosque at Hisar. It is more than likely that both these pillars one made a single monolithic pillar which was possibly erected by Asoka at Agroha or Hansi. Firuz Shah Tughlaq had a craze for taking away such columns and transplanting them among his favorites complexes. The Ashoka epigraph that was once engraved on the pillar was systematically chiselled off for writing the Tughlaq inscription recording the genealogy of Firuz Shah in beautiful Tughra Arabic characters carved in high belief.
There are two inscriptions one on a light coloured rectangular sandstone studded into the left of the screen-wall of Idgah, immediately behind or to the west of lat, praising the emperor Humayun and the other one it on a rectangular sand-stone placed on the outer wall of the mosque enclosure and contains a well-known invocation to Ali in Arabic. The mosque can still be seen in good conditions but lies in disuse.
The other monument is a small and a beautiful mosque known as Humayun Mosque. The legend assigns the association of the mosque to the Mugbal Emperor Humayun who on his flight after his defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri happened to pass through Fatehabad on Friday and is said to have prayed at this mosque. The inscription praising Emperor Humayun was originally found here and later studded into the screen-wall of the Idgah. The mosque is said to have been repaired by one Nur Rehmat in the early eighties of the last century.
There are facilities for stay at P.W.D. rest house, H.S.E.B. rest house, market committee rest house and dharamsalas. The town is well provided with schools, college, hospital and other basic necessities.
Tohana, the headquarters of the tahsil of the same named lies in 290 43’ north latitude and 750 54’ east longitude at a distance of about 70 kms. from Hisar on Bhiwani-Hansi-Barwala-Tohana-Munak road. The population of the town was 16,789 in 1971 against 12394 in 1961.
Tohana can be identified with ancient Taushyana mentioned by Panini. After the fall of Kurus, the town alongwith towns like Indraprastha, Hisar, Sonepat, Rohtak and Rodi seems to have come under the Nandas and Mauryas. Local traditions attributes the foundation of the twon to one Anangpal, and Anangsar tank named after him still exists in the town. There is an old Baoli near tahsil building. It is said that it was connected with Anangsar tank through a tunnel. An old Shiva temple and Gugga Mari exist in the town.
The town was deserted during the famine of 1783 and was repeopled in 1801 when Lt. Bourquin, the deputy of General Peron of Scindhia rebuilt it.
After Independence, particularly after the formation of Haryana, the town assumed importance. It was upgraded from a sub-tahsil to tahsil and became an important road junction and a grain market. The town is provided with a Market Committee rest house, a Canal rest house (Baliyala), schools, college, hospital, bus stand and other basic amenities.
The town is located on the bank of the Ghaggar about 23 kms. north of Fatehabad in 290 41’ north latitude and 750 34’ east longitude. The population of the town was 7,740 in 1971 as against 5,348 in 1961.
Local traditions attribute the foundation of the town to Rattan Nath, a sadhu with extra-ordinary powers who medicated at the site and the town was named after him. The town was deserted during the famine of 1783 but was repeopled in 1816 by one Rattan Singh Jat and the Patiala chief erected a fort and an out-post.
It is an up-coming mandi town and is well provided with basic amenities.