AURANGABAD (HISTORICAL FACTS ):-
Aurangabad has a glorious history and holds the distinction of being a part of one of the largest and strongest empires in ancient India - Magadha. The region of Magadha was home to a vast empire during the ancient times, dating from 600 to 250 BC. It was also ruled by Bimbisar and Ajatshatru. Later on, Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka ruled the region. Later, Rajputs came here to settle down. All these rulers have left their mark on the city.The city prospered immensely during the reign of King Ashoka .
The Magadhas, King Asoka, Bimbisar, Ajatshatru, the Rajputs, Bhairvendra Singh and the British are the rulers who ruled the kingdom. The city gained prominence after several centuries during the British rule in India; when the Britishers created the sub-division of Aurangabad in the year 1865.
The small village Devkund is associated with an interesting mythological relevance. According to Hindu mythology, once Lord Vishwakarma was told to make three temples in one night. These three temples are identical in design and incorporate a small pond with it. The only difference is the absence of fourth side wall of the pond at Devkund, which Lord Vishwakarma could not complete as the Sunrise occurred. In modern times those three temples are located at Deo, Deokund and Umga in Bihar. Two of these three towns i.e. Deo & Umga have Sun temples and Deokund has Lord Shiv temple (Baba Dudheshwar Nath). However the temple at Deo is the most popular for the celebration of a religious festival called Chhat puja.
The Saint Chyawan spent his life in an Aashram (known as Chyawan Aashram) near Devkund village of HASPURA block in this district, and gives his name to a product of the area, called Chyawanprash. It is said that the famous sun tample at Deo was founded by 'Raja Ayel' , a 'Tretayug' , Kingwho is said to be an ascendant of Lord 'Sri Krishna'.
The city had produced several historical personalities and many freedom fighters. One of the outstanding national leaders was great Gandhian and the first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar, Bihar Vibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha who was a close aide of Mahatma Gandhi. He even worked with Rajendra Prasad (the first President of India) and led the Gandhian Satyagraha movement in Bihar.
It is situated on Grand Trunk Road (Now N.H.No.-02).Before this region came under the control of Moghul Sultanate, it remained under the control of Sen Dynasty and Garhwal (Suryavanshi) rajputs. This place is also known for the bravery of Suryavanshi Gadhwal/gahadwala rajputs who fought many battles against mughals and defeated them several times, Later Gadhwal/gahadwala rajputs supported Veer Kunwar Singh (king of Jagdishpur) in his many battles with their brave Suryavanshi soldiers
During the regime of Sher Shah, the area became strategically important. It formed a part of the Rohtas Sirkar. The Afghan ruler built the famous Grand Trunk Road (Now N.H.No.-02). After death of Sher Shah; it came under imperial domain of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todarmal and the area between Sherghati and Rohtas was brought under the Mughal Empire. But the glimpses of Afghan architecture are still visible in the old buildings of this region. During the regime of Aurangabad his Subedar Daud Khan Kuraishi founded the town Daudnagar.
Basically Aurangabad was sub-division of Gaya District which was separated on 26.01.1973 as per the govt. notification no. 07/11-2071-72 dated 19.01.1973 as Aurangabad District. Sri K.A.H. Subramanyam was the first District Magistrate of newly created Aurangabad Distict. Till 1991 in Aurangabad District there was only one Sub-division namely Aurangabad Sadar and on date 31.03.1991, another Sub-Division namely Daudnagar was created. The soil of Aurangabad is plane and fertile but some of the region has rocky mountains. Nearest rivers flowing are Sone, Punpun, Auranga, Bataane, Morhar, Aadi. It is situated on the Grand Trunk Road. The people of this region primarily speak Magahi. Rice and wheat are the main crops produced here. Aurangabad is located at 24°45′N 84°22′E24.75°N 84.37°E . It has an average elevation of 108 metres (354 feet).
At the district headquarters of Aurangabad, Kazi Mohalla and Diwan Mohalla are situated, where Kabra of Kazi Aliman Diwan and Kazi Sharulla find place. Both of them were authorized Kazi of Auranjeb’s regime. In those days, responsibilities of settling disputes were given to Kazi as per Muslim customs. As per an article written by a Judicial officer in year 1973 the court of Munsif has been here since 1846. There was also a bench of Honorary Magistrates at Daudnagar. So the history of Judiciary Aurangabad is much old. When Aurangabad was made subdivision in year 1865, the munsif was vested with some more power.The Court of sub-judge was inaugurated on 22.06.1973 by the then Hon’ble Chief Justice Mr. Nandlal Untwalia. Sri Narayan Prasad Singh was the first Sub-Judge. Sri Singh was also First Chief Judicial Magistrate of Aurangabad. The Court of District and Sessions Judge was inaugurated on 10.09.1977 by the then Hon’ble Chief Justice Sri Krishna Ballabha Narayan Singh of Patna High Court. Hon’ble Justice Sri Shambhu Prasad Singh had presided over the function in presence of Sri Bhagwad Prasad Jaiswal, the then District and Sessions Judge, Gaya Sri Jai Pati Sinha was the first District and Sessions Judge of this Judgeship
AURANGABAD JUDGESHIP AT A GLANCE:-
The Aurangabad Judgeship contains two Civil Courts namely Civil Court Aurangabad and Sub- Divisional Court Daudnagar. With the inauguration of the court of District & Sessions judge, Aurangabad on 10-09-1977 by the then Hon’ble the Chief Justice Sri Krishna Ballabha Narayan Singh of Hon’ble Patna High Court, the Judgeship began to function as separate entity. Sri Jai Pati Sinha was the first District & Sessions Judge of this Judgeship. Presently Sri Om Prakash Sinha-II is the District & Sessions Judge of this Judgeship, under whose guidance and able administration the Judgeship is ready to achieve new heights and recognition.
Buildings of the Judgeship:-
1. Civil Court Aurangabad:- The buildings of the Judgeship consist of five scattered blocks namely:
Central Building (D.J. Building): - This building is situated in the center of the Court premises and is the oldest one and it has been declared as Heritage building. The Courts and chambers of the District & Sessions Judge and the Judge- in-charge (Registrar/ Addl. Munsif-IV), Administrative (English) office, Nazarat, Record Room and Computer Server Room -cum- Judicial Service Centre (C.S.R. -cum- J.S.C.) are situated in this building.
Double Storied Building :- This building is situated in the west of old Central building where courts for chambers of C.J.M., G.R. Office, one Room of Record Room are situated on the first floor and Accounts office, two Rooms of Record Room, two courts and Chambers of Judicial Officers are situated on the ground floor.
Annexe Building: - This building is situated on the west of Double Storied Building Where copying Department, Forms & Stationary Room, Computer Server Room -cum- Judicial Service Centre (C.S.R. -cum- J.S.C.), Video Conferencing Hall and other offices are housed.
F.T.C. Building :- As per name of the building, all the five Fast Track Courts with Chambers of the presiding officers are housed in this building.
Fifteen Court Room Building:- This building is situated in the east of central old building. It is three storied building in which courts, offices and chambers of 18 judicial officers including the Courts and Chamber of PJ, Family Court are running.
2. Sub-Divisional Court Daudnagar:- The Sub- Divisional Court Daudnagar was inaugurated by the Hon'ble chief Justice (acting) Mr. Justice Chandra Mauli Kumar Prasad on 26-04-2008. There is a Double storied Building situated in this Sub- Divisional Court premises. The courts of S.D.J.M, Munsif and two J.M 1st class -cum- A.M are in function here with their respective offices.